Title: PreADME : PC-BASED PROGRAM FOR BATCH PREDICTION OF ADME PROPERTIES
Author(s): Sung Kwang Lee1-2, Gue Su Chang2, In Hye Lee2, Jae Eun Chung2, Kil Yean Sung2, Kyoung Tai No2
Address(es): 1Computer-Chemie-Centrum, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nägelsbachstrasse 25, 91052, Erlangen, Germany
2Research Institute of Bioinformatics & Molecular Design(BMD), Sinchon-dong 134, Seodaimoon-gu, 120-749,Seoul, Korea
Around half of all drugs in clinical development fail to make it to the market because of poor ADME and toxicity properties. Consequently, there is increasing interest in the early prediction of ADME properties, with the objective of increasing the success rate of compounds reaching development.
We describe a new pc-based program called PreADME, which had developed rapidly and reliable methods to predict drug-likeness and ADME properties. The program can calculate over 900 molecular descriptors including constitutional, topological, electrostatic, physico-chemical and geometrical descriptors to predict ADME properties. Especially, logP and logS in pure water and buffer solution, boiling point, melting point and vapor pressure could be predicted by 210 new atomic types addition(ATA) method.
Using drug-likeness prediction module, it is possible to use Lipinski’s rule, Lead-like rule that most well known rule relating the chemical structures to drug-likeness. Also, it is possible to provide any drug-like methods such as MDDR-like, CMC-like, WDI-like, or advanced customization option.
In drug absorption (Caco-2 cell, MDCK cell, blood-brain barrier, human intestinal absorption and skin permeability) and plasma protein binding prediction, genetic functional approximation is used to select representative descriptors for prediction, following back-propagation neural network to develop successful nonlinear model.
Furthermore we are working on collecting databases containing ADME and toxicity data such as Vd, Km, t1/2, CLunbound, urinary excretion and mutagenicity data in order to train the network for physiological based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) model and toxicity prediction. And some physicochemical properties such as DMSO solubility are going to be applied. The PreADME program can be used for improving the quality of HTS and combinatorial chemical libraries. You can evaluate this program at: http://preadme.bmdrc.org, free of charge.